Goncourt Prize

France's most prestigious literary award is selected by the ten writers who are members of the Académie Goncourt, founded in 1902 by Edmond de Goncourt. The prize goes to the best imaginative prose work of the year. In 1919, Proust was given the prize for À l'ombre des jeunes filles en fleurs (Within a Budding Grove).

Gotha, L'Almanach de

A genealogical directory of European nobility published in Gotha, Germany from 1763-1945. Proust often consulted the directory while creating his aristocratic characters, especially those belonging to the Guermantes family.

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